Frage: Which Composers Are Associated With Polyphonic Composition At Notre Dame In The Middle Ages?

What is the polyphonic genre that is commonly associated with the Notre Dame School composers?

Léonin, Latin Leoninus, (flourished 12th century), leading liturgical composer of his generation, associated with the Notre Dame, or Parisian, school of composition.

Which of the following composers wrote Organum polyphonic chant music to be performed in the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris?

Pérotin (fl. c. 1200), also called Perotin the Great, was a European composer, believed to be French, who lived around the end of the 12th and beginning of the 13th century. He was the most famous member of the Notre Dame school of polyphony and the ars antiqua style.

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Who were the two composers of the Notre Dame School quizlet?

The composers of the Notre-Dame school are all anonymous except for two, Léonin, or Leoninus (late 12th century), and Pérotin, or Perotinus (flourished c. 1200), both of whom are mentioned in a 13th-century treatise by an anonymous Englishman studying in Paris.

Who are the two leading composers of the school of Notre Dame?

The Notre Dame School is the designation for a school of French polyphonic music around 1200, whose leading composers — the only ones known by name — were Leonin (second half of the 12th century) and Perotin (c. 1160-1220).

What are the 3 types of organum?

#1 – Strict Simple Organum #2 – Strict Composite Organum #3 – Modified Parallel Organum #4 – Free Organum These examples come from the CD set of the Stolba Music History textbook.

How was the motet different from the mass?

Motet A motet is a polyphonic work with four or five voice parts singing one religious text. They are similar to madrigals, but with an important difference: motets are religious works, while madrigals are usually love songs. Mass A musical mass is like a motet, only longer.

What is the name for the French courtly love song of the Middle Ages?

The French courtly love song of the Middle Ages was called the: chanson.

What is the difference between Gregorian chant and organum?

The Gregorian chant began to evolve around 700. From 700 – 900, composers would write a line in parallel motion to the chant at a fixed interval of a fifth or a fourth above the original line. This technique evolved further from 900 – 1200. A Gregorian chant to which additional lines were added is called organum.

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What was the first type of polyphonic music?

The piece is technically known as an “organum”, an early type of polyphonic music based on plainsong, in which an accompaniment was sung above or below the melody.

Which composers are considered to be part of the school of Notre Dame?

The composers of the Notre-Dame school are all anonymous except for two, Léonin (q.v.), or Leoninus (late 12th century), and Pérotin (q.v.), or Perotinus (flourished c. 1200), both of whom are mentioned in a 13th-century treatise by an anonymous Englishman studying in Paris.

What is Nostre Dame?

listen); meaning “Our Lady of Paris”), referred to simply as Notre-Dame, is a medieval Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the 4th arrondissement of Paris. The cathedral was consecrated to the Virgin Mary and considered to be one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture.

Who are the person known as the School of Notre Dame quizlet?

Two of Notre Dame’s choir masters, Leonin and Perotin, are among the first notable composers known by name. There followers are known now as the School of Notre Dame.

What did Perotin add to music?

Pérotin, Latin Perotinus, (died 1238?, Paris?, France), French composer of sacred polyphonic music, who is believed to have introduced the composition of polyphony in four parts into Western music. Nothing is known of Pérotin’s life, and his identity is not clearly established.

Who was one of the most important English madrigal composer?

Thomas Weelkes, (baptized October 25, 1576, Elsted, Sussex?, England—died November 30, 1623, London), English organist and composer, one of the most important composers of madrigals.

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Who was the most famous French composer of the fourteenth century?

Guillaume de Machaut, Machaut also spelled Machault, (born c. 1300, Machault, Fr. —died 1377, Reims), French poet and musician, greatly admired by contemporaries as a master of French versification and regarded as one of the leading French composers of the Ars Nova (q.v.) musical style of the 14th century.

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