- 1 Why did they build castles in the Middle Ages?
- 2 Why did kings and lords build castles?
- 3 Why did lords have castles?
- 4 Why were castles built in the Middle Ages and why did they change over time?
- 5 What are the 4 types of castles?
- 6 Why did they stop building castles?
- 7 Did serfs build castles?
- 8 How were castles usually attacked?
- 9 How did they build castles in 1066?
- 10 Did castles smell bad?
- 11 What it was like to live in a castle?
- 12 Does anyone still live in castles?
- 13 What replaced castles?
- 14 How did the commoners pay their taxes to the Lord?
- 15 What were the first castles like?
Why did they build castles in the Middle Ages?
Medieval castles were built from the 11th century CE for rulers to demonstrate their wealth and power to the local populace, to provide a place of defence and safe retreat in the case of attack, defend strategically important sites like river crossings, passages through hills, mountains and frontiers, and as a place of
Why did kings and lords build castles?
The main reason castles were built was not for luxury, but for defense and protection. Another reason for the construction of castles was to remind the people of the land who was in charge. In medieval times, the king or lord owned all the land and gave pieces of it to people to use.
Why did lords have castles?
In return, the lord was meant to provide justice for his villagers, and to sort out disagreements between them fairly. The lord also offered protection. If the village was attacked, the people could run into the castle for safety.
Why were castles built in the Middle Ages and why did they change over time?
Over this time the way they were built changed a great deal. Most of the reasons castles changed were because attackers found new ways of breaking into them. Castle defences needed to change to keep these attackers out. The first of these castles were the Motte and Bailey Castles, however this soon became too weak.
What are the 4 types of castles?
The Medieval Castle: Four Different Types
- Within an Existing Roman Fortress. The earliest medieval castles built by the Normans were either constructed within an existing Roman Fort or were Motte and Bailey castles.
- Motte and Bailey Castles.
- Stone Keep Castle.
- Concentric Castles.
Why did they stop building castles?
Why did they stop building castles? Castles were great defences against the enemy. However, when gunpowder was invented the castles stopped being an effective form of defence. The medieval castle with its high vertical walls was no longer the invincible fortification it had been.
Did serfs build castles?
The hub of the medieval rural community and reason for a serf’s existence was the manor or castle – the estate owner’s private residence and place of communal gatherings for purposes of administration and legal matters. The relationship of the peasantry to these manors and their lords is known as manorialism.
How were castles usually attacked?
Direct Assault There are a number of ways of assaulting a castle: over the top of the walls using towers or ladders, under the walls using a mine, or through the walls using a battering ram, pickaxes or other tools.
How did they build castles in 1066?
The simple Motte and Bailey was brought to England by the Normans in 1066, and the design consisted of a defensive mound with buildings on the flat-top. The Motte and Bailey was quick to construct, but was generally made of wood. This made it extremely vulnerable to fire-flinging attacks – and quite temporary, too.
Did castles smell bad?
There were also other problems with living in a medieval castle, the main one being that there were no sewers or flushing toilets. Often the moat surrounding the castle was used as a sewer. Both the moat and the castle quickly became smelly and dirty.
What it was like to live in a castle?
What was it like living in a castle? Even when it wasn’t under attack, living in a castle was hectic, noisy and they were often packed full of people. Castles were large, dark, draughty and cold. Windows were often small, with wooden shutters or (if the nobleman could afford it), leadlight glass-panes.
Does anyone still live in castles?
Also known as “The Windsor of the North”, Alnwick Castle is the second largest still-inhabited castle in England after Windsor. However, Alnwick is also famous for being one of the oldest still inhabited castles in the world. For the last 700 years, it has been the ancestral residence of the Percy family.
What replaced castles?
Stone castles replaced the motte and bailey castles but the stone castles also changed over time. Shortly after the Normans invaded England, they began building rectangular stone keeps. The White Tower at the Tower of London was started in 1070.
How did the commoners pay their taxes to the Lord?
How did the commoners pay their taxes to the lord? Labor or crops.
What were the first castles like?
These early castles were mainly of motte and bailey type. The ‘motte’ was made up of a large mound of earth with a wooden tower on top, while the ‘bailey’ was a large ditch and bank enclosure which surrounded the motte. These timber castles were quite cheap and very quick to build.