- 1 Who ruled Western Europe during the Middle Ages?
- 2 What happened before the Middle Ages in Europe?
- 3 Which church ruled most of Western Europe during the Middle Ages?
- 4 What was the Middle Ages in Western Europe?
- 5 Who was the first king in Europe?
- 6 What ended the Middle Ages in Europe?
- 7 What caused the Dark Ages in Western Europe?
- 8 What ended the Middle Ages?
- 9 What ended the High Middle Ages?
- 10 How did Christianity spread in Europe?
- 11 How did Christianity affect the Middle Ages?
- 12 What killed the Middle Ages in Western Europe?
- 13 How did the Middle Ages transform Western civilization?
- 14 What caused the Middle Ages?
Who ruled Western Europe during the Middle Ages?
Charlemagne (c. 742-814), also known as Karl and Charles the Great, was a medieval emperor who ruled much of Western Europe from 768 to 814. In 771, Charlemagne became king of the Franks, a Germanic tribe in present-day Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and western Germany.
What happened before the Middle Ages in Europe?
The Renaissance is an important event in European history that stretched from the 14th century to the 17th century. It was preceded by the Middle Ages in Europe and eventually led to the major events of the Age of Enlightenment.
Which church ruled most of Western Europe during the Middle Ages?
Christianity and the Catholic Church played a major role in Europe during the Middle Ages. The local church was the center of town life.
What was the Middle Ages in Western Europe?
The period of European history extending from about 500 to 1400–1500 ce is traditionally known as the Middle Ages. The term was first used by 15th-century scholars to designate the period between their own time and the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
Who was the first king in Europe?
Charlemagne has been called the “Father of Europe” (Pater Europae), as he united most of Western Europe for the first time since the classical era of the Roman Empire and united parts of Europe that had never been under Frankish or Roman rule.
What ended the Middle Ages in Europe?
Controversy, heresy, and the Western Schism within the Catholic Church paralleled the interstate conflict, civil strife, and peasant revolts that occurred in the kingdoms. Cultural and technological developments transformed European society, concluding the Late Middle Ages and beginning the early modern period.
What caused the Dark Ages in Western Europe?
The cause of the dark ages was the rejection of reason – barbarians destroying stored knowledge and the church outlawing reason as the means to knowledge, to be replaced by revelation, which they have the monopoly on. The dark ages were only dark for the Roman empire, much of the rest of the world thrived.
What ended the Middle Ages?
There were many reasons for the downfall of the Middle Ages, but the most crucial ones were the decline of the feudal system and the declination of the Church’s power over the nation-states. It was made up of the serfs and peasants that left the feudal system in search of making money in trade.
What ended the High Middle Ages?
After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century, there emerged no single powerful secular government in the West. There was however a central ecclesiastical power in Rome, the Catholic Church. In this power vacuum, the church rose to become the dominant power in the West.
How did Christianity spread in Europe?
The Roman Empire officially adopted Christianity in AD 380. During the Early Middle Ages, most of Europe underwent Christianization, a process essentially complete with the Baltic Christianization in the 15th century.
How did Christianity affect the Middle Ages?
Christianity in the middle ages dominated the lives of both peasants and the nobility. Religious institutors including the Church and the monasteries became wealthy and influential given the fact that the state allocated a significant budget for religious activities.
What killed the Middle Ages in Western Europe?
The Black Death Between 1347 and 1350, a mysterious disease known as the ” Black Death ” (the bubonic plague) killed some 20 million people in Europe—30 percent of the continent’s population.
How did the Middle Ages transform Western civilization?
By the 14th century, the middle class in Europe had grown in influence and number as the feudal system declined. This spurred the growth of towns and cities in the West and improved the economy of Europe. This, in turn helped begin a cultural movement in the West known as the Renaissance, which began in Italy.
What caused the Middle Ages?
Middle Ages, the period in European history from the collapse of Roman civilization in the 5th century ce to the period of the Renaissance (variously interpreted as beginning in the 13th, 14th, or 15th century, depending on the region of Europe and other factors).