Schnelle Antwort: What Is Middle Ages Organum?

What is organum in medieval period?

Organum, plural Organa, originally, any musical instrument (later in particular an organ); the term attained its lasting sense, however, during the Middle Ages in reference to a polyphonic (many-voiced) setting, in certain specific styles, of Gregorian chant.

What period is organum?

Sometime during the ninth century, music theorists in the Church began experimenting with the idea of singing two melodic lines simultaneously at parallel intervals, usually at the fourth, fifth, or octave. The resulting hollow-sounding music was called organum and very slowly developed over the next hundred years.

When was organum used?

Notre Dame Organum is the label given to the polyphonic style that developed primarily in northern France from the 12th to the 14th centuries.

What are the characteristics of organum?

Organum is a plainchant melody with one added voice to enhance the harmony. It was originally improvised. A Bourdon or bass line may also be sung at the same time. It involved two musical voices; a Gregorian chant melody & the same melody transposed by a constant interval (usually a perfect 4th or 5th).

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Who invented Organum?

The history of organum would not be complete without two of its greatest innovators, Léonin and Pérotin. These two men were “the first international composers of polyphonic music”. The innovations of Léonin and Pérotin mark the development of the rhythmic modes.

What are the 3 types of organum?

#1 – Strict Simple Organum #2 – Strict Composite Organum #3 – Modified Parallel Organum #4 – Free Organum These examples come from the CD set of the Stolba Music History textbook.

What are the two types of organum?

Terms in this set (6)

  • parallel organum. no real second voice exists/parallel motion/two voices usually at a perfect 5th or 4th.
  • converging organum. oblique motion/both start on the same note, separate, and then come back together at the end.
  • free organum. contrary motion.
  • melismatic organum.
  • organum purum.
  • discant.

What is the difference between Gregorian chant and organum?

The Gregorian chant began to evolve around 700. From 700 – 900, composers would write a line in parallel motion to the chant at a fixed interval of a fifth or a fourth above the original line. This technique evolved further from 900 – 1200. A Gregorian chant to which additional lines were added is called organum.

What does polyphony mean in music?

Polyphony, in music, the simultaneous combination of two or more tones or melodic lines (the term derives from the Greek word for “many sounds”). Thus, even a single interval made up of two simultaneous tones or a chord of three simultaneous tones is rudimentarily polyphonic.

Is organum sacred or secular?

Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song in Latin (and occasionally Greek) of the Roman Catholic Church. Multi-voice elaborations of Gregorian chant, known as organum, were an early stage in the development of Western polyphony.

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How many voices do you hear in Viderunt Omnes?

“Viderunt omnes” is written in a style called “organum quadruplum.”We’ll get to the “organum” part later, but “quadruplum,” refers to the fact that the work has four voices, which is important because this is historians’ first documented example of a work in four voices.

What is Organum check all that apply?

What does organum mean? Gregorian chant that has one or more melodic lines added to it.

What is a motet in music?

Motet, (French mot: “word”), style of vocal composition that has undergone numerous transformations through many centuries. Typically, it is a Latin religious choral composition, yet it can be a secular composition or a work for soloist(s) and instrumental accompaniment, in any language, with or without a choir.

What is the difference between responsorial and antiphonal music?

In responsorial singing, the soloist (or choir) sings a series of verses, each one followed by a response from the choir (or congregation). In antiphonal singing, the verses are sung alternately by soloist and choir, or by choir and congregation.

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