- 1 Who lived in castles during the Middle Ages?
- 2 Who lived inside a castle?
- 3 Who lived in a castle ks1?
- 4 Did people live in castles in the Middle Ages?
- 5 How did they keep warm in castles?
- 6 Did castles smell bad?
- 7 Did castles have toilets?
- 8 What did peasants drink?
- 9 Why did the Normans build castles?
- 10 Where did knights sleep in a castle?
- 11 Does anyone still live in castles?
- 12 Did nobles live in castles?
- 13 What are the 4 types of castles?
- 14 What is the oldest castle still standing?
- 15 Why did they stop making castles?
Who lived in castles during the Middle Ages?
During the late Middle Ages, from the 10th to the 16th centuries, kings and lords lived in castles. As well as the lord, the lady (his wife), and their family there were lots of staff. Some were important officials, such as the constable who took care of the castle when the lord was away.
Who lived inside a castle?
The most important person in a castle was the owner —the king, lord, knight or lady. But they didn’t live there all the time. Kings of England owned dozens of castles, and could never have visited them all.
Who lived in a castle ks1?
People who lived in the castle included lords, who were in charge, as well as soldiers to defend it from enemy invaders, and even cooks and cleaners to keep everyone fed and tidy up. They could be very crowded places to live. The first castles in England were built by the Normans.
Did people live in castles in the Middle Ages?
1. Not many people lived there for much of the time. While castles were homes, they weren’t permanent residences – the lord, lady and household moved from castle to castle and took their things with them – beds, linen, tableware, tapestries, candlesticks, chests and perhaps even plants in pots!
How did they keep warm in castles?
Thick stone walls, tiny unglazed windows and inefficient open fires made the classic castle something of a challenge to keep warm. By heating the stones as well as the chamber, and directing the smoke away from the room, these fireplaces made life in a medieval castle a considerably more comfortable affair.
Did castles smell bad?
There were also other problems with living in a medieval castle, the main one being that there were no sewers or flushing toilets. Often the moat surrounding the castle was used as a sewer. Both the moat and the castle quickly became smelly and dirty.
Did castles have toilets?
The toilets of a castle were usually built into the walls so that they projected out on corbels and any waste fell below and into the castle moat. Even better, waste went directly into a river as is the case of the latrines of one of the large stone halls at Chepstow Castle in Wales, built from the 11th century CE.
What did peasants drink?
The villagers drank water and milk. The water from a river was unpleasant to drink and the milk did not stay fresh for long. The main drink in a medieval village was ale.
Why did the Normans build castles?
After their victory at the Battle of Hastings, the Normans settled in England. They constructed castles all over the country in order to control their newly-won territory, and to pacify the Anglo-Saxon population. These early castles were mainly of motte and bailey type.
Where did knights sleep in a castle?
What other rooms were there in a Medieval castle? At the time of Chr tien de Troyes, the rooms where the lord of a castle, his family and his knights lived and ate and slept were in the Keep (called the Donjon), the rectangular tower inside the walls of a castle. This was meant to be the strongest and safest place.
Does anyone still live in castles?
Also known as “The Windsor of the North”, Alnwick Castle is the second largest still-inhabited castle in England after Windsor. However, Alnwick is also famous for being one of the oldest still inhabited castles in the world. For the last 700 years, it has been the ancestral residence of the Percy family.
Did nobles live in castles?
The chief business of the nobles was war, and their amusements were warlike games and hunting. They lived in great fortified buildings called castles, generally set on some steep hill so that the enemy could not easily reach them.
What are the 4 types of castles?
The Medieval Castle: Four Different Types
- Within an Existing Roman Fortress. The earliest medieval castles built by the Normans were either constructed within an existing Roman Fort or were Motte and Bailey castles.
- Motte and Bailey Castles.
- Stone Keep Castle.
- Concentric Castles.
What is the oldest castle still standing?
The oldest and largest inhabited castle in the world, Windsor Castle is a royal residence located in Berkshire, England. Originally built in the 11th century by William the Conqueror, the lavish castle has been used by succeeded monarchs ever since.
Why did they stop making castles?
After the 16th century, castles declined as a mode of defense, mostly because of the invention and improvement of heavy cannons and mortars. The idea was that thick layers of dirt would absorb the impact of cannon fire. Also, these fortifications were easier and faster to build than castles.